The term sexually transmitted disease (STD) is used to refer to a condition passed from one person to another through sexual contact. You can contract an STD by having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the STD. 1a An STD may also be called a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or venereal disease (VD). 1a It's possible to contract STDs from people who seem perfectly healthy, and who may not even be aware of the infection. STDs may be symptom-free (asymptomatic) which is one of the reasons experts prefer the term "sexually transmitted infections" (STIs) to "sexually transmitted diseases." 2a The number of STIs in Gauteng has increased by half a million in one [...]
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ORAL OR TOPICAL TREATMENT FOR BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS? There are many different treatment options on the market and at times it can be a daunting decision to determine which option to go with when treating bacterial vaginosis. You have a choice between intravaginal gels, creams or oral formulations. Your doctor or pharmacist can help you decide what type of treatment is most suitable for you. 1 Topical formulations Topical metronidazole is an antibiotic and is one of the recommended treatments options for bacterial vaginosis based on medical guidelines 2,3,4 Metronidazole gel has demonstrated a clinical clearance rate of more than 80% in women with bacterial vaginosis when checked two weeks after treatment was commenced5 Intravaginal gels have a lower systemic [...]
Does a “fishy” smell always mean an infection? Not all vaginal odours are caused by an infection. Every female has a natural vaginal scent that originates from the vagina. It's normal for your vagina to have a slight odour. 1,2 Vaginal odour may vary throughout your menstrual cycle and may be especially noticeable right after having sex. Though it may be tempting to douche or use a vaginal deodorant to decrease vaginal odour, these products may actually increase irritation and other vaginal symptoms. 1 Poor hygiene or tight-fitting clothing or fabric that doesn’t breathe can cause sweat and bacteria to get trapped which can cause and result in an unpleasant odour.2 A strong vaginal odour, [...]
Treatment options for bacterial vaginosis. The most effective treatments for bacterial vaginosis are prescribed antibiotics like metronidazole. They are available as oral medications, which are taken by mouth, or as a gel or cream, both of which are inserted into the vagina with an applicator 1 Your doctor may prescribe one of the following medications: Metronidazole - available in oral and gel form e.g. VaginalGel Metronidazole 0.75%. 2(VaginalGel comes with 5 single use applicators therefore you do not need to reuse the applicators) 3 Clindamycin - available as a cream. NOTE: Clindamycin cream may weaken latex condoms during treatment and for at least three days after you stop using the cream 2 Tinidazole - taken orally. NOTE: [...]
IT'S TIME WE LEARNT MORE Name and business address of the holder of the certificate of registration: iNova Pharmaceuticals (Pty) Ltd. Co. Reg. No. 1952/001640/07, 15e Riley Road, Bedfordview. Tel. No. 011 087 0000. www.inovapharma.co.za. For further information, speak to your healthcare professional. Further information is available on request from iNova Pharmaceuticals IN2553/18. References: 1. Q&A with Dr Corne Brink (Transcript from 16 January 2018). 2. Sexually Transmitted Disease Guide – What is Bacterial Vaginosis (https://www.std-gov.org/stds/bacterial_vaginosis.htm) Website accessed on 13 March 2018. 3. Ries AJ. Treatment of Vaginal Infections: Candidiasis, Bacterial Vaginosis, and Trichomoniasis. J Am Pharm Assoc 1997; NS37:563-9. 4. Thrush and Bacterial Vaginosis. FPA (Sexual Health Charity). NHS. January 2014 (https://www.fpa.org.uk/sites/default/files/thrush-bacterial-vaginosis-information-and-advice.pdf) Website accessed on 8 [...]